What is follicle

What is follicle

Have you ever thought what is hair follicle, how a hair grows out of your skin, and what causes the nourishment and moisturizing of your hairs? we will talk about hair follicle, its structure, the cycle of hair growth, and the life in detail so what are you waiting for? Just read it here all information.


What is hair follicle? Well! these are tiny pit in our skin that is functioning to grow hair. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, an individual has 100000, hair follicles on the scalp. These involve in hair growth.

Structure of hair follicle

It is burrow shaped construction in the outer layer of the skin called the epidermis. The growth of hair initiate from the bottom of the hair follicle which is made up of protein cells. It is made up of the following components

  • Papilla
  • Matrix
  • Root sheath
  • Bulge
  • Hair fiber
  • Arrector Pilli muscle
  • Sebaceous glands
  • Sweat gland 
  • Nerve receptors

what is hair follicle

Cycle of Hair follicle

After discussing what is hair follicle, now let’s talk about its cycle. It allows the growth of hair approximately half inches in thirty days that is a normal phenomenon .There are several factors that affect hair growth in numerous ways.

  • Age of the individual
  • Hair type curly or straight hair
  • Diet and proportion of protein intake
  • Care of scalp
  • Stress and anxiety
  • The overall health of the person
  • Life style

The follicles are not only involved in the growth of your hair but also determine the type and quality of hair. It affects the overall look of your hair. It is crucial to know what is hair follicle. The extent of curl depends upon the shape of the follicle. Curly hair generated by straight follicles while straight hair emerged from circular follicles. The determination of hair color is also depending upon the follicle. Hair gets color from two pigments

  • Eumelanin
  • Pheomelanin

These pigments stored in the follicles. With the increase in age, the follicles’ ability reduces to produce pigment. Hair is able to regrow if in case you pulled from a follicle. But sever damage to the follicle causes no growth of hair.

Role of hair follicles in hair restoration

Hair transplant is the most common and widely used technique all over the world with a high success rate. The success of hair restoration treatment is depending upon the follicles. Hair follicles are an integral part in the treatment of hair loss, hair restoration surgery is carried out by removing of follicles from the donor site and implantation of these follicles on the bald site. The careful implantation of follicles at recipient site ensures effective hair transplant.

Damage associated with hair follicles

There are various conditions linked with the damaged follicle that ultimately lead to hair loss. Some of these problems are given below

  • Folliculitis- inflammation of hair follicles
  • Alopecia Areata- an autoimmune disease
  • Androgenetic alopecia-male pattern baldness
  • Telogen effluvium- temporary hair loss problem
  • what is hair follicle its structure and the relation of follicles with hair transplantation will be cleared and understandable after reading above information.